[12.11.2018.17:16.] Syria announces fresh demobilization for army conscripts as conflict abates.[帖前5:2-3]因為你們自己明明曉得,主的日子來到好像夜間的賊一樣。 3 人正說平安穩妥的時候,災禍忽然臨到他們,如同產難臨到懷胎的婦人一樣,他們絕不能逃脫。[12.08.2018.] Nile Delta Shrinking!海中的水必絕盡,河也消沒乾涸。 6 江河要變臭,埃及的河水都必減少枯乾,葦子和蘆荻都必衰殘。 7 靠尼羅河旁的草田,並沿尼羅河所種的田,都必枯乾,莊稼被風吹去,歸於無有。 8 打魚的必哀哭,在尼羅河一切釣魚的必悲傷,在水上撒網的必都衰弱。 9 用梳好的麻造物的,和織白布的,都必羞愧。 10 國柱必被打碎,所有傭工的心必愁煩!

Nile delta shrinking!

[12.11.2018.17:16.] Syria announces fresh demobilization for army conscripts as conflict abates.[帖前5:2-3]因為你們自己明明曉得,主的日子來到好像夜間的賊一樣。 3 人正說平安穩妥的時候,災禍忽然臨到他們,如同產難臨到懷胎的婦人一樣,他們絕不能逃脫。[12.08.2018.] Nile Delta Shrinking!海中的水必絕盡,河也消沒乾涸。 6 江河要變臭,埃及的河水都必減少枯乾,葦子和蘆荻都必衰殘。 7 靠尼羅河旁的草田,並沿尼羅河所種的田,都必枯乾,莊稼被風吹去,歸於無有。 8 打魚的必哀哭,在尼羅河一切釣魚的必悲傷,在水上撒網的必都衰弱。 9 用梳好的麻造物的,和織白布的,都必羞愧。 10 國柱必被打碎,所有傭工的心必愁煩!

peacedove

Nile Delta Shrinking!

DECEMBER 08, 2018.

Lush green fields blanket northern Egypt’s Nile Delta, but the country’s agricultural heartland and its vital freshwater resources are under threat from a warming climate. The fertile arc-shaped basin is home to nearly half the country’s population, and the river that feeds it provides Egypt with 90 per cent of its water needs. But climbing temperatures and drought are drying up the mighty Nile — a problem compounded by rising seas and soil salinization, experts and farmers say.

Combined, they could jeopardise crops in the Arab world’s most populous country, where the food needs of its 98 million residents are only expected to increase. “The Nile is shrinking. The water doesn’t reach us anymore,” says Talaat al-Sisi, a farmer who has grown wheat, corn and other crops for 30 years in the southern Delta governorate of Menoufia. “We’ve been forced to tap into the groundwater and we’ve stopped growing rice,” a cereal known for its greedy water consumption, he adds.

By 2050, the region could lose up to 15 percent of its key agricultural land due to salinization, according to a 2016 study published by Egyptian economists. The yield of tomato crops could drop by 50 percent, the study said, with staple cereals like wheat and rice falling 18 and 11 percent respectively.

‘Innovation’

In Kafr al-Dawar in the delta’s north, Egypt’s irrigation ministry and the United Nations are working on eco-friendly techniques like solar-powere d watering that experts say emit less greenhouse gases and could help improve crop yields. On site, two farmers wearing traditional galabiya gowns show off shiny new solar panels framed by row after row of corn, barley and wheat. Sayed Soliman, eyes bright and cane in hand, runs a group of about 100 farmers who work a plot of more than 100 hectares (around 250 acres).

The seasoned farmer is delighted. He can now power the pumps that water his field without relying on Egypt’s faulty electricity grid and expensive fossil fuels like diesel that are responsible for climate change. Diesel-powered generators are now only used “when necessary”, he says, such as after sunset. After his success, a neighbouring village is also switching to solar-powered irrigation.

“One of the priorities is innovation… so that Egypt can make the most of its water,” says Hussein Gadain, the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) representative in Egypt. “The delta plays an important role in the country’s food security.” Ibrahim Mahmoud, head of the irrigation ministry’s development projects, said plans were in place to modernise watering systems across the country by 2050. The strategy, he says, is intended to improve farmers’ “environmental conditions, standards of living and productivity”.

‘Life or death’

But in a country in the tight grip of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the Nile Delta and its resources remain an ultra-sensitive topic. In front of officials, farmers stuck to well-worn talking points about the delta’s bounty but politely skirted questions on water scarcity. Sisi has made the Nile’s water a “life or death issue” for Egypt, particularly in the framework of negotiations with neighbouring Sudan, as well as Ethiopia.

Cairo fears Addis Ababa’s controversial Grand Renaissance Dam will bring consequences downstream. For water management consultant Dalia Gouda, Egypt currently has two priorities when it comes to combatting its water scarcity dilemma: tackling overpopulation and defending the country’s interests against Ethiopia’s dam. “There are many interesting projects under way to improve water efficiency,” says Gouda.

“Although they are not necessarily designed to combat the effects of climate change, they can only prepare the authorities to deal with them.”

will-egypt-survive-the-civil-war-1-638

Syria announces fresh demobilization for army conscripts as conflict abates

Syria’s army on Monday announced the demobilization of officers who have completed five years of compulsory service, the second such move in recent months as fighting abates in the civil war.

The decree ends the drawn-out deployment of conscripts and reservists of the rank of officer “who will have completed five years of service” as of January 1, 2019, state news agency SANA reported.

The latest order comes after the army in May sent those conscripted in 2010, the year before the conflict erupted, back to their homes.

Before the war started, men 18 and older had to serve between 18 months and two years in the armed forces, after which they remained part of the reserves.

But when the conflict broke out, anyone enlisted remained deployed on active duty.

The 300,000-strong army was nearly halved by deaths, injuries and defections as the violence tore apart the country.

Fighting has diminished since a string of major battleground gains by the Russia-backed forces of President Bashar al-Assad.

Regime troops have secured the capital Damascus and largely confined opposition fighters to the northwestern province of Idlib, where a buffer zone deal is seeking to still violence.

Syria’s war has killed 360,000 people and displaced millions since starting in 2011 with the brutal repression of anti-regime protests.

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DECEMBER 10, 2018 / 11:20 PM / 

Syrian army demobilises some conscripted, reservist officers

 
 

FILE PHOTO: Syrian army soldiers gesture as they hold their weapons in Quneitra, Syria, July 27, 2018. REUTERS/Omar Sanadiki/File Photo

BEIRUT (Reuters) – The Syrian military will demobilise some conscripted and reserve officers, the military said on Monday, following the government’s recapture of much of the country from rebels and the dwindling of fighting on many fronts.

Last week U.N. special Syria envoy Staffan de Mistura said there was “no major military territorial conflict” at present, but Damascus has sworn to retake every inch of Syria and there is no sign of an imminent peace deal.

The tide of the 7 1/2-year-old conflict turned in the government’s favour in 2015 with the intervention of Russian air power to supplement Iran-backed militias fighting in support of President Bashar al-Assad.

 

The army general command issued an administrative order on Monday ending active service for conscripted officers who will have completed five extra years, beyond their original 18-month term of mandatory military service, in January.

The order, which takes effect next week, also demobilizes reserve officers who joined in 2013 and who will have completed five years of reserve service by January.

The army began demobilising some conscripts who had served long periods in May, shortly after it took back eastern Ghouta, the last major rebel enclave near the capital Damascus.

After the conflict erupted in 2011, desertions, defections and deaths drained the Syrian army. It has relied on critical support from Shi’ite militias including Lebanon’s Iran-backed Hezbollah movement, though devastating Russian air strikes on rebel areas proved decisive in Assad’s military comeback.

Syria conscripts men at age 18 into the army. During the conflict many conscripts said they were serving additional years with no sign of being discharged.

Damascus announced an amnesty in October for men who deserted the army or avoided military service, giving them several months to report for duty without facing punishment.

500_f_120585705_iaxlhep3qdgxrejetfwr0dp3w2v9n4hl2

UN Syria envoy: Work ongoing for constitutional committee

Updated:

 

AMMAN, Jordan (AP) – The U.N. Special envoy for Syria said Monday work is still ongoing to form a committee meant to draft a new constitution before the end of the year, adding that hurdles remain in place.

Staffan de Mistura made his comments in Jordan after meeting Minister of Foreign Affairs Ayman Safadi who said that Jordan’s “firm position" is that a political solution must be found, and “destruction and killing must be stopped in order for Syria to be recovered and to restore its role as a cornerstone in the region."

Last month, Syria’s warring sides and mediators meeting in Kazakhstan failed to agree on the formation of a constitutional committee which is key to ending the seven-year civil war. De Mistura at the time called it a “missed opportunity."

At issue is the 50-member delegation comprising Syrian experts, civil society, independents, tribal leaders and women that de Mistura was authorized to put together by countries attending a Russian-hosted Syrian peace conference in the Black Sea resort of Sochi on Jan. 30.

Agreement has already been reached on a 50-member government delegation and a delegation equal in size from the opposition for the drafting committee.

Syrian President Bashar Assad has said his government will only consider amendments to the current constitution, in defiance of the Sochi agreement to have the government, opposition and independents draft a new document.

“We are still working (nights) in order to make sure that if we can there will be an announcement of something regarding the constitutional committee," said de Mistura, whose term ends at the end of the year. “If not, we will have to draw ourselves some conclusions."

The U.N. envoy said that he will likely be delivering his last statement to the U.N. Security Council on Dec. 20 and assess “where we are on the constitutional committee."

In the capital Damascus, the Syrian army command said it will demobilize thousands of conscripts and reservists who have been serving in the military for five years by Jan. 1.

The army said in a statement carried by state news agency SANA that the implementation of the order will begin on Dec. 16.

The announcement comes after government forces captured wide parts of the country earlier this year including suburbs of the capital Damascus known as eastern Ghouta and southern regions in the county. Demobilizations began after eastern Ghouta was captured in April.

Earlier Monday, U.S.-backed Syrian fighters pushed deeper into the Islamic State group’s last remaining stronghold in Syria, capturing an abandoned hospital.

The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces entered the eastern town of Hajin last week and intense fighting has been ongoing since then.

SDF spokesman Mustafa Bali said the U.S.-allied fighters took full control of town’s hospital early Monday.

Omar Abu Layla, of the activist-run DeirEzzor 24 monitoring group, confirmed the hospital on the edge of town was retaken by the SDF.

Rami Abdurrahman, who heads the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, said the hospital had been destroyed earlier by airstrikes from the U.S.-led coalition. The hospital was close to the front lines and was not believed to be operating when it was hit. The U.S.-led coalition, in a statement, said IS forces had used the Hajin hospital as a platform to engage allied forces on the ground, causing the hospital to lose its protected status.

SDF fighters launched an offensive to capture Hajin and nearby villages on Sept. 10. They have made little progress since then, but last week intensified their attacks under the cover of airstrikes by the U.S.-led coalition.

The Observatory meanwhile released an updated death toll for Syria’s conflict, saying that about 560,000 people have been killed since it began in March 2011. The group said it has documented the names of 367,965 of the deceased.

The group said the dead include 111,330 civilians, 65,048 troops and 50,296 pro-government Syrian gunmen. It said the dead also include 65,108 insurgents and 2,619 army defectors.

The seven-year conflict has also wounded more than a million people and displaced half of Syria’s 23 million-strong population, including 5.6 million who are refugees, mostly in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon.

500_f_120585705_iaxlhep3qdgxrejetfwr0dp3w2v9n4hl4

De Mistura: Situation in Syria Changed on the Ground, Politically

Tuesday, 11 December, 2018 – 07:30

De Mistura meets Safadi. Petra news agency

Amman – London – Asharq Al-Awsat

UN Special envoy to Syria Staffan de Mistura said Monday a page would be unfolded in Syria due to changes on the ground.

“It is clear a page would be unfolded in Syria, not because I am leaving in December for personal reasons, but because the situation has changed on the ground and at the political level,” he said.

De Mistura said it was necessary to exert an additional effort and explore every means to push forward the political process in Syria.

The envoy made his comments in Jordan after meeting Minister of Foreign Affairs Ayman Safadi, who said there is a need for a new approach to help the Syrians restore stability and security in their country.

Last month, a meeting of Syria’s warring sides and mediators in Kazakhstan failed to reach any agreement on the formation of a constitutional committee after disputes over the 50-member delegation comprising Syrian experts, civil society, independents, tribal leaders and women that de Mistura was authorized to put together.

A deal has already been reached on a 50-member government delegation and another 50-member delegation from the opposition for the drafting committee.

Following the meeting in Kazakhstan, De Mistura had said it was a “missed opportunity."

De Mistura said that he would likely be delivering his last statement to the UN Security Council on Dec. 20.

For his part, the Jordanian foreign minister called for a new approach in dealing with the Syrian crisis, taking into account the battlefield changes, and help Syrians regain their security and stability.

“A new page must be opened in dealing with the crisis,” Safadi said, adding there is an unacceptable absence of the Arab role in the efforts to resolve the crisis.

The minister stressed that an Arab role would help ensure a political solution acceptable to Syrians and end the disasters that Syria, the region and the world continue to suffer from.

He reiterated Jordan’s firm position that emphasizes a political solution to the Syrian crisis.

“We in Jordan continue to do all we can to end the crisis and restore security and stability to Syria," Safadi said.

Dove and flag of Syria vector illustration.

Egypt’s fertile Nile Delta threatened by climate change

2018-12-07 15:28

Lush green fields blanket northern Egypt’s Nile Delta, but the country’s agricultural heartland and its vital freshwater resources are under threat from a warming climate.

The fertile arc-shaped basin is home to nearly half the country’s population, and the river that feeds it provides Egypt with 90% of its water needs.

But climbing temperatures and drought are drying up the mighty Nile – a problem compounded by rising seas and soil salinisation, experts and farmers say.

Combined, they could jeopardise crops in the Arab world’s most populous country, where the food needs of its 98 million residents are only expected to increase.

“The Nile is shrinking. The water doesn’t reach us anymore," says Talaat al-Sisi, a farmer who has grown wheat, corn and other crops for 30 years in the southern Delta governorate of Menoufia.

“We’ve been forced to tap into the groundwater and we’ve stopped growing rice," a cereal known for its greedy water consumption, he adds.

By 2050, the region could lose up to 15% of its key agricultural land due to salinisation, according to a 2016 study published by Egyptian economists.

The yield of tomato crops could drop by 50%, the study said, with staple cereals like wheat and rice falling 18 and 11% respectively.

 ‘Innovation’ 

In Kafr al-Dawar in the delta’s north, Egypt’s irrigation ministry and the United Nations are working on eco-friendly techniques like solar-powered watering that experts say emit less greenhouse gases and could help improve crop yields.

On site, two farmers wearing traditional galabiya gowns show off shiny new solar panels framed by row after row of corn, barley and wheat.

Sayed Soliman, eyes bright and cane in hand, runs a group of about 100 farmers who work a plot of more than 100 hectares (around 250 acres).

The seasoned farmer is delighted. He can now power the pumps that water his field without relying on Egypt’s faulty electricity grid and expensive fossil fuels like diesel that are responsible for climate change.

Diesel-powered generators are now only used “when necessary", he says, such as after sunset.

After his success, a neighbouring village is also switching to solar-powered irrigation.

“One of the priorities is innovation… so that Egypt can make the most of its water," says Hussein Gadain, the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) representative in Egypt.

“The delta plays an important role in the country’s food security."

Ibrahim Mahmoud, head of the irrigation ministry’s development projects, said plans were in place to modernise watering systems across the country by 2050.

The strategy, he says, is intended to improve farmers’ “environmental conditions, standards of living and productivity".

 ‘Life or death’ 

But in a country in the tight grip of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the Nile Delta and its resources remain an ultra-sensitive topic.

AFP’s visit to Kafr al-Dawar was closely supervised by the ministry.

In front of officials, farmers stuck to well-worn talking points about the delta’s bounty but politely skirted questions on water scarcity.

Sisi has made the Nile’s water a “life or death issue" for Egypt, particularly in the framework of negotiations with neighbouring Sudan, as well as Ethiopia.

Cairo fears Addis Ababa’s controversial Grand Renaissance Dam will bring consequences downstream.

For water management consultant Dalia Gouda, Egypt currently has two priorities when it comes to combatting its water scarcity dilemma: tackling overpopulation and defending the country’s interests against Ethiopia’s dam.

“There are many interesting projects under way to improve water efficiency," says Gouda.

“Although they are not necessarily designed to combat the effects of climate change, they can only prepare the authorities to deal with them."

500_f_200265973_k8q5y6jppwdmon95ksvteqijhtctcdmm2

EGYPT’S FERTILE NILE DELTA THREATENED BY CLIMATE CHANGE

The fertile arc-shaped basin is home to nearly half the country’s population, and the river that feeds it provides Egypt with 90% of its water needs.

A farmer closes the water valve of a pump in Kafr al-Dawar village in northern Egypt's Nile Delta, on 26 November 2018. Picture: AFP

AFR AL-DAWAR – Lush green fields blanket northern Egypt’s Nile Delta, but the country’s agricultural heartland and its vital freshwater resources are under threat from a warming climate.

The fertile arc-shaped basin is home to nearly half the country’s population, and the river that feeds it provides Egypt with 90% of its water needs.

But climbing temperatures and drought are drying up the mighty Nile, a problem compounded by rising seas and soil salinization, experts and farmers say.

Combined, they could jeopardise crops in the Arab world’s most populous country, where the food needs of its 98 million residents are only expected to increase.

“The Nile is shrinking. The water doesn’t reach us anymore," says Talaat al-Sisi, a farmer who has grown wheat, corn and other crops for 30 years in the southern Delta governorate of Menoufia.

“We’ve been forced to tap into the groundwater and we’ve stopped growing rice," a cereal known for its greedy water consumption, he adds.

By 2050, the region could lose up to 15% of its key agricultural land due to salinization, according to a 2016 study published by Egyptian economists.

The yield of tomato crops could drop by 50%, the study said, with staple cereals like wheat and rice falling 18 and 11% respectively.

‘INNOVATIVE’

In Kafr al-Dawar in the delta’s north, Egypt’s irrigation ministry and the United Nations are working on eco-friendly techniques like solar-powered watering that experts say emit less greenhouse gases and could help improve crop yields.

On-site, two farmers wearing traditional galabiya gowns show off shiny new solar panels framed by row after row of corn, barley and wheat.

Sayed Soliman, eyes bright and cane in hand, runs a group of about 100 farmers who work a plot of more than 100 hectares.

The seasoned farmer is delighted. He can now power the pumps that water his field without relying on Egypt’s faulty electricity grid and expensive fossil fuels like diesel that are responsible for climate change.

Diesel-powered generators are now only used “when necessary", he says, such as after sunset.

After his success, a neighbouring village is also switching to solar-powered irrigation.

“One of the priorities is innovation… so that Egypt can make the most of its water," says Hussein Gadain, the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) representative in Egypt.

“The delta plays an important role in the country’s food security."

Ibrahim Mahmoud, head of the irrigation ministry’s development projects, said plans were in place to modernise watering systems across the country by 2050.

The strategy, he says, is intended to improve farmers’ “environmental conditions, standards of living and productivity".

‘LIFE OR DEATH’

But in a country in the tight grip of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the Nile Delta and its resources remain an ultra-sensitive topic.

AFP’s visit to Kafr al-Dawar was closely supervised by the ministry.

In front of officials, farmers stuck to well-worn talking points about the delta’s bounty but politely skirted questions on water scarcity.

Sisi has made the Nile’s water a “life or death issue" for Egypt, particularly in the framework of negotiations with neighbouring Sudan, as well as Ethiopia.

Cairo fears Addis Ababa’s controversial Grand Renaissance Dam will bring consequences downstream.

For water management consultant Dalia Gouda, Egypt currently has two priorities when it comes to combatting its water scarcity dilemma: tackling overpopulation and defending the country’s interests against Ethiopia’s dam.

“There are many interesting projects underway to improve water efficiency," says Gouda.

“Although they are not necessarily designed to combat the effects of climate change, they can only prepare the authorities to deal with them."

500_f_120585705_iaxlhep3qdgxrejetfwr0dp3w2v9n4hl4

以賽亞書 19 Chinese Union Version Modern Punctuation (Traditional) (CUVMPT)

預示埃及之禍亂

19 埃及的默示。[0]看哪,耶和華乘駕快雲,臨到埃及埃及的偶像在他面前戰兢,埃及人的心在裡面消化。 「我必激動埃及人攻擊埃及人,弟兄攻擊弟兄,鄰舍攻擊鄰舍,這城攻擊那城,這國攻擊那國。 埃及人的心神必在裡面耗盡,我必敗壞他們的謀略,他們必求問偶像和念咒的、交鬼的、行巫術的。 我必將埃及人交在殘忍主的手中,強暴王必轄制他們。」這是主萬軍之耶和華說的。[0]

海中的水必絕盡,河也消沒乾涸。 江河要變臭,埃及的河水都必減少枯乾,葦子和蘆荻都必衰殘。 尼羅河旁的草田,並沿尼羅河所種的田,都必枯乾,莊稼被風吹去,歸於無有。 打魚的必哀哭,在尼羅河一切釣魚的必悲傷,在水上撒網的必都衰弱。 用梳好的麻造物的,和織白布的,都必羞愧。 10 國柱必被打碎,所有傭工的心必愁煩。

牧伯謀士盡為愚蒙

11 瑣安的首領極其愚昧,法老大有智慧的謀士所籌劃的成為愚謀。你們怎敢對法老說「我是智慧人的子孫,我是古王的後裔」? 12 你的智慧人在哪裡呢?萬軍之耶和華向埃及所定的旨意,他們可以知道,可以告訴你吧! 13 瑣安的首領都變為愚昧,挪弗的首領都受了迷惑,當埃及支派房角石的使埃及人走錯了路。 14 耶和華使乖謬的靈摻入埃及中間,首領使埃及一切所做的都有差錯,好像醉酒之人嘔吐的時候東倒西歪一樣。 15 埃及中,無論是頭與尾,棕枝與蘆葦,所做之工都不成就。[0]

solar_superstorms_logo

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